The Names of God
The only true God reveals Himself to mankind in many ways.
One of the primary ways He reveals Himself is through His name.
He is one God – the only true God – with one name.
In the Old Testament, He reveals Himself in twelve primary revelations of His name; one name, twelve revelations.
As we will see, His name is Jehovah (Yahweh).
When He came to the earth as a man, He revealed Himself as the Father, His Son Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit.
The names in order are:
Elohim (My Creator) – Genesis 1:1
Jehovah (My Lord God) – Genesis 2:7
Jehovah El-Shaddai (My Supplier) – Genesis 17:4
Adonai (My Master) – Genesis 18:3
Jehovah Jireh (My Provider) – Genesis 22:8
Jehovah Rophe (My Healer) – Exodus 15:26
Jehovah Nissi (My Banner) – Leviticus 17:15
Jehovah Mikkadesh (My Sanctifier) – Leviticus 20:7-8
Jehovah Shalom (My Peace) – Judges 6:24
Jehovah Tsidkenu (My Righteousness) – Jeremiah 23:5-6
Jehovah Rohi (My Shepherd) – Psalm 23:1
Jehovah Shammah (My Abiding Presence) – Ezekiel 48:3
The first name the Bible introduces is “God,” in Genesis 1:1. “God” is translated from “Elohim,” which is means “Gods.” Elohim is the plural of the word “Eloah,” which means God.
Therefore, the first verse of the Bible introduces the three-in-one God.
“El” means God. “Elohim” speaks of the “God of glory and might.”
The name Elohim declares that He is the God of: authority, majesty, creation, dominion, government, rule, might, and infinitely more.
The name declares who God is. It does not reveal who God is.
In Elohim there is declaration.
Elohim presents God and is connected to His acts. It is not connected to intimacy with Him or to His covenants, sacrifice or relationship.
The word Elohim is found more than 2,500 times in the Old Testament. He existed long before man could know Him as “God the Father.”
When God spoke, there is eternal force. His word released eternal power which is still being released throughout the universe.
God’s word has an eternal echo. God’s word lives. God’s word is established forever. Jesus said, “’Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away’” (Matthew 24:35).
In Isaiah, the coming Messiah is called Elohim:
“For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” (Isaiah 9:6).
The Lord Jesus was there at creation.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1).
The Greek word for “Word” is logos, which means “word, reason, plan.” Therefore, it could properly be translated “revelation.”
“In the beginning was the revelation, and the revelation was with God, and the revelation was God” (John 1:1).
Jesus is part of the Godhead who came to the earth as a man: “And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth” (John 1:14).
Jehovah, LORD God
The next name for God in the Bible is “LORD God,” first seen in Genesis 2:4. The “LORD God” is the English translation of the Hebrew “Jehovah Elohim.”
Therefore, the simplified English translation for “Lord God” is Jehovah. Remember the name Jehovah, as future revelations of His name are presented.
The name “LORD God” is found more than 6,000 times in Scripture.
Why is this name revealed? Notice that Genesis 2:4 begins the portion of scripture where we learn about God creating man, which occurs in Genesis 2:7. The LORD God, or Jehovah, is the name of covenant and relationship.
“This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; 6 but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.
And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being”
In the Bible, LORD in capital letters is “Jehovah.”
There is a holy history and mystery surrounding this name.
This glorious name LORD is translated from the Hebrew YHWH, which is the name God revealed to Moses in Exodus 3.
The name YHWH was so holy to the scribes and Jews, it was not to be read out loud, so they wrote it without vowels.
When they did have to pronounce it, they took the vowels from “Adonai” and inserted them into YHWH. The results is YaHoWaH, or Jehovah.
The Bible presents Jehovah Elohim, because it is through Jehovah – YHWH, or Yahweh – that a divine relationship with man was being established.
Covenant Precedes Power and Glory
When Adam was created, a relationship and a revelation began.
Adam was in God’s presence and glory. He was in glorious fellowship with the only true God. Adam was God’s partner, replacing the position Lucifer the angel had lost.
Jehovah is the name connected to covenant and relationship. We are sons of Jehovah and sons of Elohim. There is a very big difference between the two, because covenant comes before power, and relationship before authority. What does that mean?
By inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the writers of the Bible wrote this glorious name as the “LORD God” for a divine, holy, eternal reason: covenant and relationship come before power and authority. LORD is first. A person can only know God’s power, authority, victory and infinitely more, by first having a relationship with Him.
Someone can know God the Creator, Elohim, and know all about Him in that name. They can know and memorize the entire Bible and so forth. But if they do not actually have a relationship with Him, they will not be changed in any way spiritually. They will not know God’s power, authority, victory, and all the eternal, glorious things God offers, unless they know Him as Jehovah.
Elohim Presents . . . Jehovah Reveals
Jehovah reveals God. Jehovah is the name of revelation. Jehovah is connected to covenant.
Jehovah reveals and imparts God.
When someone knows God, then they can obey, surrender, serve, receive and infinitely more.
We receive in Jehovah. The angels know He is God, but they cannot know Him. They are sons of Elohim.
We are sons of Jehovah God.
Once the relationship is established, only then can someone surrender, submit, obey, and more, to Jehovah and the glorious revelations of Him, such as El-Shaddai and Adonai.
Elohim presents glory; Jehovah reveals glory.
Elohim presents love; Jehovah reveals love.
Elohim presents mercy; Jehovah reveals mercy.
Elohim presents grace; Jehovah reveals grace.
Elohim presents power; Jehovah reveals power.
The name Jehovah contains within it the revelation of God Himself.